The Christians of the Eastern rite Nativity fast is the last multi-day post.
Lent began on November 28 and ends January 7. The retreat lasts for 40 days because in the Church Charter it is also called the Lent. Since the eve of post falls on the feast day of St. Philip the Apostle, also called Filippovka.
Originally advent lasted from some Christians for seven days, others a few more. At the Council of 1166, the year when the Constantinople Patriarch Luke and Byzantine Emperor Manuel all Christians were supposed to fast for forty days.
Advent is considered lax. You can not eat food of animal origin: meat, eggs and dairy products. Other restrictions vary depending on the day of the week.
Monday, Wednesday and Friday supposed vegetable food without oil, and on Tuesday and Thursday with vegetable oil, on Saturday and Sunday until January 2, they added fish.
In addition, fish is allowed and major holidays – in the temple of the blessed virgin Mary (December 4), the day of St. Nicholas (19 December), and also in memory of certain saints – the apostles Matthew (November 29), Andrew (December 13) and Prince Alexander Nevsky (December 6).
A strict fast is observed from 2 January to 6 January – during predprazdenstvo Christmas. Xerophagy is distributed on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. On Tuesday and Thursday you can eat hot vegetarian food without oil; Saturday and Sunday, the oil is permitted. Fish and wine allowed.
To the body the fasting person not to have experienced constant hunger and lack beneficial vitamins and minerals, you need to eat every 3 hours.
Very strict fast day Christmas Eve – Christmas eve. Before the first star decided to refuse food, and in the evening break the fast by sochivo (Koleva, pudding) – a mess of scalded cereals (usually wheat) with various additives.
Solely strictly observe advent is that monks and believers, and lay people hold the post, after consulting with his spiritual father and given his health. Sick people, pregnant and nursing allowed the relaxation of the post. Children under 7 years of strict fasting is also optional. If the child is to strive to keep Christmas and other posts, should be excluded from his diet of sweets, as required by the body meat and fish to leave.
During lent the faithful are recommended to devote at least 15 minutes a day reading spiritual literature and prayer in silence daily to do at least one good deed, to pay more attention to family and friends, visit on weekdays the Liturgy.
During advent it is impossible to hold the wedding ceremony, so all of the wedding need to arrange or prior to the date of the post, or after Christmas.
Managing the Affairs of the UOC Metropolitan Anthony (Pakanich) said that fasting enables each person to change their inner world and to transform their lives.
“Many are interested in the features meatless diet these days. But it is important to understand that fasting is not a diet, not a simple rejection of meat and dairy products. Lent is a special time for a person to have analyzed your inner world, strengthened by prayer and tried to change his life. The suppression of desires, the rejection of idle time contribute to the internal focus and the work on the soul,” said managing Director of the UOC.