From Earth to Titan seven years of summer
The next potential home for humanity can become satellites of Jupiter and Saturn.
NASA scientists called the best for human colonization celestial body in the Solar system, according to Scientific American.
“Potential home for a man can become the satellites of Jupiter and Saturn. There are many options among them, but the winner is obvious. The Titan is the most Earth-like celestial body,” – said the scientists.
Titan, other than Land, is the only place in the Solar system that has lakes of hydrocarbons. Unlike Mars, the moon of Saturn has a dense atmosphere is 95% nitrogen. This, as well as the magnetic field of the gas giant, will protect from cosmic radiation.
The atmospheric pressure at the surface of the satellite is 1.5 times more than on Earth, making it easy to suit for potential colonizers and comfortable, compared to Mars feel on Saturn. And the presence of hydrocarbons and ice in the depths of the Titan will allow not to worry about rocket fuel.
In this case, the obstacles to the colonization of the scientists see low temperatures on Titan (180 degrees Celsius below zero), and a large distance to the Earth (the seven years of the summer).
Mercury, scientists do not consider suitable for colonization due to high radiation and fluctuating temperatures. Venus, in their opinion, also not suitable for permanent settlement. The reason for this is the huge atmospheric pressure is 93 times higher than the earth, and the high, around 460 degrees Celsius temperature.
Disadvantages of Mars scientists see the sparse atmosphere, high radiation hazard and the limitations associated with resources.
Titan – the largest of the 62 moons of Saturn. It is almost 1.5 times larger than the moon in diameter and almost twice the mass. In the atmosphere of Titan is dominated by nitrogen with methane, which form clouds.
Earlier Корреспондент.net reported that the UN intends to send a space mission in 2021.