The court of justice partially granted the claim of Ukraine against Russia.
The UN international court in the Hague partially satisfied the claim of Ukraine against Russia. An interim decision on the claim Ukrainian court ruled on April 19.
The court obliged the authorities of the Russian Federation to provide Crimean residents with the opportunity to get an education in Ukrainian, and Crimean Tatars – the right to representation of their interests.
However, Hague did not accept Moscow’s guilty of financing terrorism and refused to take action on this part of the claim.
Корреспондент.net the main highlights from the first verdict of the International court of justice.
The essence of the Ukrainian claim
Ukraine submitted to the international court of justice its first complaint against another country in January 2017.
Kiev accused Moscow of violating the conventions for the suppression of the financing of terrorism and on the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination. In March, it began consideration of the claim.
The authorities accuse Russia of a military invasion in 2014, and in support of the separatists in the Donbas. In the lawsuit Ukrainian side is ready to recognize Russia’s responsibility “for the terrorist acts committed in Ukraine, its appointees”.
In this context, refers to the catastrophe of the Malaysian airliner MH17, the shelling of civilians in Volnovakha, Mariupol and Kramatorsk, and explosions in Kharkiv in February 2015.
With regard to the Crimea, then, according to the Ukrainian authorities on the Peninsula after the annexation, began a “deliberate campaign of cultural cleansing” against the Crimean Tatar and Ukrainian communities.
That requires Ukraine
– to abandon support for “armed groups committing acts of terrorism in Ukraine”;
– to take measures for the removal of all weapons provided to these groups;
– to begin criminal prosecution of those involved in the “financing of terrorism”;
to fully compensate for losses associated with the catastrophe of MH17 and other attacks;
to ensure full protection of all ethnic groups in Crimea;
– to resume the work of Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar media;
– to immediately restore the rights of the Majlis.
Requirements for Crimea satisfied
The Hague made a decision on the introduction of measures to protect and ensure the rights of Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars in Crimea in the framework of the Convention on the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination.
“I would like to remind you that Russia should meet its obligations in conformity with the Convention… the Court considers that in the Crimea the Russian Federation should refrain from imposing restrictions on Crimean Tatars and their communities, preserve their institutions, including Parliament. In addition, the Federation must ensure the availability of education in the Ukrainian language”, – stated in the decree.
However, the court also decided that interim measures against Russia may not correspond to what was requested by Ukraine.
But to support the Donbass not prohibit steel
The court of justice did not see dostatochnogo number of reasons to accuse Russia of financing of terrorism.
“Thus, the court concluded that the conditions necessary to define additional measures in respect of the rights under the Convention for the suppression of the financing of terrorism do not meet the requirements”, – said the Chairman of the Hague Ronnie Abraham.
He noted that Ukraine has not provided sufficient evidence that adequately demonstrated the guilt of Russia.
Ukraine had demanded to enter against the Russian Federation interim measures until the final verdict of the court.
All must fulfill the Minsk agreements
It is noteworthy that the court in the Hague has obliged Ukraine and Russia to implement fully all provisions of the Minsk agreements.
“The parties must do everything necessary to complete this package of documents to resolve the conflict in the Eastern regions of Ukraine in a peaceful way,” announced the court’s decision, the Chairman Ronnie Abraham.
The Position Of Russia
Moscow rejects the allegations of violations of international conventions and the requirements of Ukraine to introduce restrictive measures are unfounded.
In particular, the Russian side indicates that Kiev calls terrorists “LDNR, which are parties to the Minsk process”.
Moscow also claims that the Donbas separatists have found a weapon in the mines, and as SAM Beech, “it is necessary to prove with what intent he had been given”.
In the Kremlin stressed that they recognize the decision of the International court of justice at the suit of Ukraine.
After the court hearing, April 19, RBC learned in the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Russia that the decision of the court of “learning experts”.
The Head of the Agency noted that the rule of the Russian law on the territory of the Russian Federation “should not be discussed”.
The text of the resolution