14 wonderful residents and one from Kiev

The history of the city do not only the events that occurred, but the people who were born or lived. To the city Day edition “Kiev 112.ua” recalls 15 world-famous natives of the capital, who in his life gained a lot of fame and made their hometown famous far beyond its borders.

Ivan Grigorevich Grigorovich-Barsky (1713, Kiev – 1791, Kiev), architect

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Born on Podol in Kiev, where his parents moved from the town of Bar Vinnytsia region In the 1740s, he studied at the Kiev Academy, studied architecture and art art and philosophy. Spent his whole life in Kiev. Since 1748, Grigorovich-Barsky served as the architect of Kyiv city Council (now it would be called the chief architect of Kiev). This post has streamlined the water supply system at the hem, built a stone pavilion over the fountain (now recreated the fountain “Samson”). Historic structure in the form of a rotunda in the style of Ukrainian Baroque was adorned with the figure of St. Andrew and a sundial, and inside was one of the first in Kiev fountains with a sculpture of Samson tearing the lion’s mouth.

Grigorovich-Barsky was built in Kiev the Church of the intercession (Pokrovskaya str., 7, Center), the Church of Constantine and Helena, gate Church of the St. Cyril’s monastery, Church. Nicholas quay, the arcade, the Seminary building, “spare a bread store”, and also reconstructed the Church of the Nativity of Theotokos in Pechersk Lavra, the Church of the virgin pirogoscha (almost all the buildings preserved).

Was buried near the Cathedral of the assumption parish in which he lived. The cemetery, where rested the architect, it was destroyed in the 1930-ies, and the grave of Ivan Grigorovich-Barsky has not survived, like the tomb of his brother Basil – traveler and writer.

Artemiy Lukyanovich Vedel (1767-1808), and composer

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Hem was born in the parish of Saint Boris and Gleb Church. Widelski HOMESTEAD was at the corner of Fraternal and St. Andrew’s. Sang tenor in the choir of the Kiev theological Academy, was the soloist on the violin, worked as a Regent of the academic choir, wrote many works of theological subjects. Led the chapels in Kiev, Moscow and Kharkov. At the end of the 18th century in the churches not allowed to sing spiritual concerts (Psalms, prayers), which do not directly relate to the service, to perform Ukrainian chants and carols. In 1798 Wedel left all the certificates and the officials, he gave away his possessions and became a novice monk of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. A year later against him filed a “secret file” in connection with the alleged prophecy of the murder of the Emperor and declared insane. Custody of the composer’s father returned only shortly before his death.

Wedel for his life has written over 80 musical works, including 31 choral concert, six trios, “the hour of Repentance mi door”, two of the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, Vespers and one secular Kant. The Institute of manuscripts of the National library of Ukraine named. Vernadsky stored incomplete manuscripts of the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and 12 sacred concerts. Memorial plaque to composer installed on one of the buildings of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy.

Rheingold Maricevic the glière (1875, Kyiv — 1956, Moscow), composer

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Father: Reinhold Moritz Glier built at Basseynaya street, 6 house with a tool workshop (not preserved), so the boy grew up in a musical environment. Studied in the 2nd Kiev gymnasium. In 1894 graduated from the Kiev music school and began in him to teach. In 1914-1919, he was Director and Professor of the Kiev Conservatory. Laid in Ukraine the basics of composition school. Intensified concert life of Kiev. Students Of The Glier — L. Revutsky, B. Lyatoshynsky. It is an author of ballets “the Red poppy” and “the bronze horseman”, a concert for voice with orchestra, romances and instrumental compositions on Ukrainian themes, the ballet “Taras Bulba, symphonic picture-ballet “the Cossacks”, symphonic poem “Zapovit” in memory of T. Shevchenko, music for productions of “Ivan Gus”, “Haydamaky” (1920) and the mystery “Dungeon” by T. Shevchenko. In Kiev R. Glier has lived a third of your life. His name now bears the Kiev school of music.

Maximilian Alexandrovich Voloshin (1877 , Kiev – 1932, Koktebel), poet, artist, translator

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Voloshin was born in the house on the Boulevard (now Boulevard Shevchenko, No. 22-24/9, a building in the complex of the National pedagogical University. M. Dragomanov). The boy was barely a year old, he and his mother left Kiev. Studied at Feodosia high school, and was expelled from Moscow University for participating in the riots”. He was self-educated, well-traveled (Asia, France, Germany, Spain). In 1907, in Koktebel writes the series “Cimmerian twilight”, art articles, exhibited his works at exhibitions “World of art”. In 1914, wrote a letter to the Minister of war with a conscientious objection to military service “in the carnage” of the First world war. During the civil war was saved in his house the persecuted. Founded the “Society blockheads”, a free took in his home of poets, writers, artists. In 1924, with the approval of the people’s Commissariat Voloshin makes his home in Koktebel in free creativity house (later – the House of creativity of the literary Fund of the USSR). In the USSR was not published until 1976 Bequeathed to bury him on the hill Kuchuk-Enishar.

Literary critics call him a symbolist and acmeist. In his poetry and paintings reflected the history and nature of Crimea. About himself he wrote: “I was Born in Kiev and roots kind connected with Ukraine. My family name Kirienko-Voloshin and it comes from Zaporozhye.” A memorial plaque to the poet was placed on the building at Boulevard T. Shevchenko, 24.

Kazimir Severinovich Malevich. (1878 or 1879, Kiev – 1935, Leningrad), painter

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One of the founders of Suprematism and Cubo-futurism was born in a house that still stood in the early 1980s on the corner of the street Fedorov (nowadays – on the site of the Institute of electric them. Paton). Was christened in St. Alexander’s Church. His father served in sugar factories N. Tereshchenko. Childhood Malevich passed in the Ukrainian village. At home the family spoke Polish, in the environment — in Ukrainian. In the Ukrainian language the artist has written a number of articles about art, and in 1920-e years in some questionnaires about yourself wrote “Ukrainian”. To draw Malevich studied at N. Pimonenko at the drawing school of N. Murashko (M. Zhitomirskaya street, 14-f). Participated in exhibitions of artists “Jack of diamonds” and “Donkey’s tail”.

In 1915 he created the most famous example of Suprematist paintings “Black square on white background”. His brush also owns the painting “bathers”, “Cottager”, “harvest”, “Harvest”, “Logger”, “Flower girl”, “Dynamic composition”, “Girl in field”, “Svyatoshyn near Kiev” and others. Until 1930 he taught at the Kiev art Institute.

Malevich was the only artist reflected in his work Holodomor of 1932-1933 With the beginning of repressions against the Ukrainian intelligentsia went to Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). But the plight of their colleagues in the creative shop did not escape the tortured artist at the Leningrad OGPU. Malevich died in Leningrad and buried in the village of Nemchinovka near Moscow. In Kiev, a memorial to the artist installed in the National Academy of fine arts.

Alexander Vertinsky (1889, Kiev – 1957, Leningrad), actor, singer, composer, poet

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Alexander Vertinsky he identified himself as a short the word “Kiev”. He early lost his parents-noblemen and moved to live with relatives of his mother. At first he studied in the 1st Alexandrian school, then was transferred to another school where he was expelled for stealing. In the house of his aunt C. Zelinsky young Vertinsky met N. Berdyaev, M. Chagall, N. Altman. Pretty soon fell in love with theatre. In his youth, in the evening, participated in the debate for trendy locals, dressed in suit with a violet in his buttonhole, and in the afternoon he worked as a porter.

First Vertinsky dreamed of a literary career and in search of implementation moved to Moscow. Once spontaneously took the stage in a white hoodie Piero – this image became iconic for the artist. Later performances in the cabaret “the Firebird” and the theatres of miniatures will add the role in the movie.

14 November 1920, he left Russia and went to travel the world. The Soviet authorities allowed him to return home only in 1943. Vertinsky comes with concerts, and in his native Kiev falls after the end of the war in August 1945. “I can’t describe the feeling that swept over me at the entrance to this city of my childhood and adolescence. Street, where there is Solovtsovskogo theatre, all destroyed, but the theatre unharmed: found Out its detail, as his well-loved face,” recalled his return artist. Managed to play at film Studio. Dovzhenko in the films “the Flame of wrath” in 1955 and “Bloody dawn” in 1956 Devoted to poetry Kiev “Kiev – the birthplace of the gentle”.

Vertinsky died on tour in Leningrad, and was buried in Moscow. At Kiev St. Vladimir memorial plaque in memory of the artist. And the one street Museum on Andriyivsky Uzviz he devoted a separate exhibition.

Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (1889, Kiev – 1972, Easton, Connecticut, USA), aircraft designer

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In 1908-1912 while studying at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, Igor Sikorsky designed and built helicopters and biplanes. Built multi-engine airplanes “Grand” and “Ilya Muromets”. After emigrating to the United States in the years 1923-1940 has developed a series Sikorsky S-42, S-42. First began to build a turbine helicopters, helicopters, amphibious.

Sikorski monument installed in the territory of NTUU “KPI”. In honor of the aircraft were named the asteroid “10090 Sikorsky” and the street of Kiev, and issued coin of 2 hryvnia (2009).

Mikhail Afanasyevich Bulgakov (1891, Kiev – 1940, Moscow), writer, playwright, librettist, doctor

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Born into a family of teachers. At the age of 9 was accepted into the preparatory class of the 2 nd Kiev gymnasium, then in grade 1 of the 2nd branch of the Alexander classical school. In Bucha in the country took part in Amateur theatricals. He entered the medical faculty of the Kiev Imperial University of St. Vladimir (now Kyiv national University), graduated in 1916 April 26 (may 9) in the Church of Nikolay Dobry married Tatiana Lappa. Participated in the First world war. Worked in the Kiev red cross hospital, the Kiev military hospital. Medical experience described in “Notes of a young doctor. Worked in the theatres of the USSR. Under Soviet power until the “Khrushchev thaw” was forbidden to print and were not admitted to performances. In the novels “the White guard”. “Kyiv-city”, “the Master and Margarita” has immortalized his hometown. “There is no city more beautiful than Kiev”, – wrote Bulgakov. The name of the writer named a street in Kiev. He devoted one of the most intriguing museums in the city – house-Museum building at Andrew’s descent, 13.

Golda Meir (1898, Kiev – 1978, Jerusalem), Israeli politician

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May 3, 1898 in Kiev in the family of a carpenter Moshe-Yitzchak of Mabovich and his wife Blooms daughter, Golda. The family moved from Kiev to America when she was 5 years old. Your childhood memories about Kiev (the poverty of the family and fear of pogroms) Meir outlined in the book “My life”. In memory of Golda preserved only one, not too optimistic, Kyiv episode – scared dad makes boards inside the front door of the house to a swimming pool, because here-here should start a pogrom.

Golda immigrated to mandate Palestine with her husband, Maurice Meyerson, in 1921. Adopted the name Meir being in the public service. On may 14, 1948 was among the 38 people who signed the Declaration of independence of Israel. In her political career had many high positions – the Minister of internal Affairs, the Minister of foreign Affairs, the Minister of labour and social security, the first Israeli Ambassador in the Soviet Union and, of course, the post of Prime Minister.

The house on the street, where the family lived, now decorated with bas-relief of Golda Meir.

Vladimir Samoylovich Horowitz, (1903, Kiev – 1989, new York, USA), pianist.

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“King of kings of pianism”. Born at Timofeevskaya street (now of Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky), studied at the gymnasium in the current 135-th Kyiv school. In 1913 he became a pupil of W. Puchalski. The young Horowitz has spoken in “public concerts”, which attracted only the most talented students. The game differed Horowitz’s brilliant virtuosity and phenomenal technique. Since 1928, Horowitz lived in the United States, and in 1944 became an American citizen. In this regard, the name Horowitz in the Soviet Union actually made a taboo. Meanwhile, the musician has managed to achieve world fame and in the period from 1962 to 1989, was awarded 24 awards “Grammy”.

The great pianist is buried in Milan in the family crypt in-law, the great conductor Arturo Toscanini. Since 1995 in the Motherland, in Kiev, periodically hosts an international competition for young pianists in memory of Vladimir Horowitz. Also its named after a street in Solomensky district.

Serge Lifar (Sergey Lifar 1905, Kiev – 1986 Lausanne), ballet dancer, ballet master

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Lifar was born on 2 APR 1905 in Kiev. Growing up on the street Tarasovskaya at No. 1, which is located opposite the University Botanical garden, and later the family moved on Irininskaya str. In her youth, she sang in the Church choir of St. Sophia Cathedral, he studied at the Conservatory. Left the country 17-year-old, in fact, it was an escape. More than 60 years Lifar lived in Paris, but always remembered Kiev. When French President Charles de Gaulle had then already famous choreographer French citizenship, Lifar replied “I am Sincerely grateful, Mr. President, for your proposal, but I have never been and will not be a Frenchman, as I am Ukrainian and my native Ukraine and my beloved Kiev.” See Lifar Kiev failed in 1961.

Choreographer, founder of the Institute of choreography at the Grand Opera, the rector of the University of dance, Professor at the Higher school of music and President Emeritus of the National Council of dance (UNESCO) was a passionate collector of art. Part of his library (817 units) and some items, including costumes, the Legion of honor, and another after the death of the artist were transferred to Kiev.

The last years of his life Lifar held in Lausanne, Switzerland and not changing citizenship. Even on his grave is written “Serge Lifar from Kiev”.

Today the name of Serge Lifar is the Kiev municipal Ukrainian Academy of dance. In the capital periodically hosts dance competitions and festivals dedicated to his memory and a memorial plaque to the artist can be found on the former 8-th school, where he studied under Serge Lifar (I. Franko sq., 5).

Boris Paton (1918, Kiev), scientist, engineer

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The childhood of the future Patriarch of the Ukrainian science was held at the Kyiv industrial Institute (the so-called KPI), home to the faculty (father of Boris Paton is an outstanding scientist, too). Here Paton and spent his student years. In 1941-1942 worked in the city of Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod, Russia) engineer of electrotechnical laboratory. In wartime, scientists are engaged in development of methods for the welding of armor for military vehicles, for which he was awarded the order of badge of honor. In 1953 he headed the Kiev Institute of electric welding, but despite a high administrative post, scientific activity did not cease. For example, in the 1960s laid the foundations of welding technology for the space industry. In addition, Boris Paton was involved in the invention of methods of welding of soft tissues for surgical practice. This technique does not leave the living body burns and allows you to recover faster.

All the awards and regalia of Boris Paton list is very difficult. He’s one of the few people awarded the monument during his lifetime. The bust of the scientist installed in front of academic museums on Bogdan Khmelnitsky street, 15.

Leonid Sergeyevich Bronevoy (1928, Kiev), actor

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People’s artist of USSR, holder 4 of the order “For merits before Fatherland”, the people’s artist of Ukraine Leonid Bronevoy was born into a Jewish family and grew up on the Khreshchatyk in Kiev. Little he studied at the 92nd school (the building on the street) and at the music school at the Kyiv Conservatory in violin. Dad Armor – Solomon, after receiving a law degree, went to work in the Kyiv district economic Department of the GPU, later became head of the 6th Department of the NKVD of the Ukrainian SSR. But in 1936 he was repressed. The mother of the future actor had to divorce with her husband and son change the first name on the street. Despite this they were exiled in the Kirov region, allowing to return to Kiev in may 1941. But the return was prevented by a war – Leonid mom was evacuated to Chimkent in South Kazakhstan region.

Grown up the son of an enemy of the people was limited in the choice of profession. Fortunately, to do the acting thing Armor allowed. He worked in many theatres of the USSR. In 1964 and began acting in films. All-Union fame brought him the movie “Seventeen moments of spring”, “Formula of love”, “the Pokrovskie gate”, “Munchhausen”. In an interview, the Armor noticed that played no real Muller, and his ideas about the man who served in the KGB, who crossed out the prospects of a boy in Kiev in 1936. The father of the actor lived to see the premiere of the film. During a tour of Lencom theatre in Kiev in 2012, Leonid Bronevoy got to reanimation with acute myocardial infarction. Doctors hometown saved the actor’s life, making heart surgery.

Rolan Antonovich Bykov (1929, Kiev — 1998, Moscow), actor

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The beloved Soviet children Barmaley and cat Basilio, buffoon Tarkovsky, Akaky, and so on, ad infinitum, was born in Kiev on the corner of Khreshchatyk and Prorizna” (according to him). “Our house was destroyed, but I clearly remember that there was a “Children’s world” near the Windows which I, tiddly (the growth of the artist was only 158 cm, ed.), idle. I still remember my first trip in 3 years to mom, at work, on the Hem. I knew what stop she was getting… and what came out,” said Bykov. He later moved to Moscow to enter the Shchukin school. Worked in the youth Theatre, have created the theatre of Moscow state University, worked in Lenkom; served as actor and Director at Mosfilm. Bykov is considered one of the best Directors of children’s films (“Aibolit 66” and “the Scarecrow” – Bykova). Played about 115 role and directed 10 films. In Kiev, in the Old Darnitsa there is a street named after Rolan Bykov.

Valeriy Lobanovskiy (1939 -2002 G. Kiev, Zaporozhye), the outstanding Ukrainian football player and coach. Hero Of Ukraine.

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The head coach of “Dynamo” (Kiev), twice won the Cup winners ‘ Cup. Graduated from Kyiv school No. 319 with a silver medal. In 1956 he enrolled in CRPD, and graduated from Odessa Polytechnic University. Brought up in a football school # 1 and the FSM in Kiev. Lobanovsky had no higher physical education. Despite this 18-year old striker by the growth of 187 cm was invited to a double “the Dynamo” (Kiev). In 1960 he became the top scorer of the club. Spent 2 games in the Olympic team of the USSR the captain and the striker Kiev “Dynamo” played 144 games and scored 42 goals. With 29 years in coaching in the Ukrainian clubs. Together with “Dynamo” in 1973 and 1974 won the championship and the USSR Cup and the 1975 UEFA Cup winners ‘ Cup and UEFA super Cup. Winner of 8 League titles and 6 Cups of the USSR. Coached the national teams of UAE and Kuwait.

He was buried on baykovoye cemetery. Lobanovsky monument installed at the Kiev stadium, which is named after him. At the school where I studied an outstanding coach, a memorial plaque. The name of Lobanovsky is not only the school itself, and, more recently, and the prospectus on which it is located.

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