As the Soviet government built a bridge “Bandera”

Как советская власть строила мост "Бандеры"

In 1971 the construction of the Moscow bridge in Kiev was revolutionary

The Kiev engineers have developed a unique project together with the Moscow scientists.

Thursday, July 7, the city Council renamed Moskovsky prospect, giving him the name of Stepan Bandera, leader of OUN-UPA. At the same time, the public reacted ambiguously to the new name. .

Responded to the foreign Ministry of Russia – dedication Bandera called “direct mockery of the memory of all who fell in the struggle against Nazism and fascism, with its local accomplices”.

In turn renaming the Moscow bridge, which is also scheduled to call in honor of Bandera. To the building wanted to give the name of the Soviet engineer George Fuchs, who designed it. This option has already passed the necessary procedures for approval, but the final decision rests with city Council.

According to media reports, the bridge want to name it in honor of Bandera. Also among the options for the North or the Troeschina. remembered how he built a unique bridge Moscow during the Soviet era.

The transition to troieschyna

The construction of the Moscow bridge began in 1971. The reason was the active development of the Metropolitan areas on the Left Bank, in particular, Troyeshchyna. At that time, already opened the Metro bridge and run trains from the railway station Darnitsa. The new bridge was supposed to connect the Kharkov array Voskresenka, providing the traffic.

At the time, needed two new bridges, but because of the scale of work officials had to choose the most important project. A crucial role was played by the plans of the building Troyeshchyna, so “won” the Moscow bridge. Before the opening in 1976, he called North and of Friendship of Peoples.

Revolution from engineers

At that time the construction of such a large bridge was revolutionary. Soviet engineers focused on Europe – there just started to build innovative and unique design. Foreign specialists built wide bridges with huge spans, suspended by ropes. This was inspiring and admired by domestic experts.

The chief engineer of the project has appointed George Fuchs, chief architect Anatoly Dobrovolsky, and helped them specialists Kievsoyuzdorproekt and Mostostroy. The construction was unique for Kiev and throughout the country, since nothing like that before here not built. Therefore, the resolution on the implementation of the project leader received with great difficulty.

“Before that I had no bridges with a long span and such a deflection,” said Fuchs. – A bridge under load sags a few inches. Our bridge was 67 centimeters! We do not feel it, because it is the deflection relative – it is distributed to all the 300 meters of flying”.

Soviet know-how

A suspension bridge consists of two separate parts across the Dnieper and Desenka. Its length is 700 metres, and the span without supports is 300 metres away. The flexibility of the bridge provided a thin metal plate under the road bridge. Thus the main part of the structure was a pylon made of concrete, not metal, as before. Due to the cavity inside of it workers could climb up.

The idea of the concrete pylon Soviet engineers borrowed in Bratislava (Slovakia). They built a cable-stayed bridge across the Danube and even installed inside the cavity of the Elevator. “We’ve been there, the bridge was inspected, but did not use any drawings or advice Czechoslovak colleagues, and developed the project together with the Moscow scientists,” said Fuchs.

At the Moscow bridge in both directions from the pylon beams pulled the heavy-duty guys (special ropes). Breaking strength of each of them of 300 tons. They hold the weight of a large span of the bridge. Also pole-mounted Soviet coat of arms of Kiev in the form of a chestnut leaf, a bow with arrow and stars.

Part of the bridge across Desenka became the first in the country to which we apply the technique of bonding the reinforcement of individual reinforced concrete beams. In addition, the bridge the maximum span over the middle of the Dnieper to support not bothered to go to the courts.

Difficulties in testing

The builders had to twist each of the guys at the construction site, as at the kind of work not performed. Also they cannot be transported on ships, as ready the ropes were very tight. A large role in the construction of bridge was played by the enthusiasm of the workers, as the funding was irregular. They worked in three shifts for five years under the rain and in bitter cold.

In addition, engineers are faced with difficulties during testing of the bridge. The construction at the same time drove 150 trucks with sand. They created a load three times greater expected during operation. Indicators of fixed sensors. But when re-tested on two halves of a split clip that pulls the ropes. One of the details fell into the Dnieper, and the second weighing in at 200 pounds – at the feet of the testers, but no one was injured.

3 Dec 1976 in birthday Fuchs the bridge was put into operation. For the design and construction of the bridge and the Metro bridge in Moscow, he received the prize of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Since then, the bridge became the main thoroughfare of Kiev, connecting the banks of the Dnieper and Desenka. And builders will even now determine the load on the bridges on the standards developed in the construction of their unique predecessor.

As reported Корреспондент.netthe Kremlin regrets the introduction of Bandera Avenue.

In Kiev will be the streets of Bandera and Shukhevych