Autocephaly in Ukraine: the meaning of independence for believers

Автокефалия в Украине: что означает независимость для верующих

What does Tomos for Ukraine?

The decision on granting of the Tomos of autocephaly (independence) of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church was adopted by the Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate on October 11.

Now waiting for the announcement of the date of the Unifying Council, which will announce the creation of a new Autocephalous Orthodox Church will choose its Primate. The day the Council will soon appoint in Constantinople.

The Primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church Kiev Patriarchate Filaret said that perhaps the Cathedral will be held in November at St. Sophia Cathedral of Kiev.

About the meaning of autocephaly for Ukraine, Ukrainians will tell Korrespondent.net

The background of the question of Church independence

Автокефалия в Украине: что означает независимость для верующих

What does Tomos for Ukraine / photo: kp.ua

The history of giving our country autocephaly quite long. The issue is not only Church leaders but also the presidents. The Patriarch of Constantinople visited in Ukraine in 2008-2009, communicated with the priests, but no action was taken.

Only then, when in April of this year on autocephaly began to ask together the President, the Parliament, the UOC-KP and UAOC – the business has moved with “a dead point”.

The Ecumenical Patriarchate began the procedures necessary for granting autocephaly of the UOC.

The Russian Orthodox Church has said about the impossibility of autocephaly in Ukraine. Moscow prelates cite Tomos of the Patriarch of Constantinople Dionysius 1686, supposedly according to which the Kievan Metropolitanate transferred to Moscow Patriarch.

In fact, the document refers to the transfer of certain functions of the Ecumenical Patriarch in Moscow, the territory of modern Ukraine, remains subordinate to Constantinople.

Also, when conducting the divine Liturgy at the memory of the hierarchs in the first place put it his all Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch and Moscow.

August 31, 2018, met the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew and the head of the Moscow Patriarchate Kirill. As told to the media after Metropolitan Emmanuel of France, overcoming the Church division in Ukraine is an important issue for the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Bartholomew said Cyril on the implementation of the decision on autocephaly in Ukraine.

Автокефалия в Украине: что означает независимость для верующих

Tomos for Ukraine / photo: kp.ua

September 2, 2018 in the Turkish capital hosted the Council of bishops, which decided that the Ecumenical Patriarchate has the right to grant autocephaly without any approvals from outside.

On 7 September of this year, Bartholomew was appointed as the Exarch (the messengers), which are then about a month went by Ukraine and talked with the clergy of local churches.

The Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate met for three days, from 9 to 11 October. During the event heard a report of the exarchs, upon which issued a permit for the creation of a Single Local Church.

At the Synod lifted the anathema imposed on the Patriarch Filaret, and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Macarius in 1992. They are recognized as canonical.

Now waiting for a Unifying Council, on which representatives of the Ukrainian Orthodox churches will have to make a decision to merge and select the head.

What is Tomos and autocephaly and why is it the Ukrainians

Tomos – a Church decree is mainly produced in the case of providing the main Church of independence – autocephaly. Sometimes given on other issues relating to the Christian faith.

Whether the autocephaly of the Ukrainian believers and that they will change?

Автокефалия в Украине: что означает независимость для верующих

Whether the autocephaly of the Ukrainian believers / photo: kp.ua

According to the President, an independent Church – the main attribute of an independent state. Most experts on religious matters agree that despite the fact that a Church separated from the state, the question of its independence is primarily political.

For people who are not close to the Church, will not change anything. Those who use the services of the Church, will forget the initial fear, because there are cases when different Orthodox denominations do not recognize the rites of each other.

In Ukraine several Christian churches: Catholics, Greek Catholics, Roman Catholics, but Tomos does not violate the rights of believers, not force them to visit another Church.

Experts suggest that the ROC will use all possible methods to escalate the situation in Ukraine, aimed at manipulating the believers. Possible processions and rallies.

Changes to the Church and clergy

Автокефалия в Украине: что означает независимость для верующих

Autocephaly and Tomos for Ukraine / photo: kp.ua

With the granting of autocephaly the entire structure of the Kyivan Patriarchate is recognized in the Orthodox world. The property of the churches should remain intact, however, the issue of ownership of Church property will be resolved immediately.

According to the Tomos, the Orthodox Autocephalous Church and the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyiv Patriarchate must self-destruct and join the new religious Association.

But the name of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate should be changed to a branch of the Russian Orthodox Church.

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