Bandera banned. What is the law adopted in Poland

Бандера под запретом. Какой закон приняли в Польше

In the Polish-Ukrainian relations and escalation due to historical issues. Internal political struggle in Poland again played against Ukraine.

The Polish Sejm adopted the law banning propaganda of so-called “Bandera ideology”.

The denial “of the crimes of Bandera” now there is a penalty or deprivation of liberty for a term up to 3 years.

Correspondent.net understand what will cause another scandal.

Populist rule

In the Polish Sejm passed the third reading the package of bills, which includes changes to the law on the Institute of national remembrance. Among them was a bill to ban “Bandera ideology” in Poland.

Voted the majority of deputies – 279 of 414. For the project voted by all the deputies of the PiS, Kukiz’15 i PSL. Supported the document and several members of the opposition.

The adopted law concerns the definition of the crimes of Ukrainian nationalists and Ukrainian organizations that collaborated with the Third Reich, as well as the possibility of launching, in accordance with article 55 of the law on the Institute of national memory, of criminal proceedings against those who deny these crimes.

Under the crimes of organizations cooperating with the Third Reich refers to “the actions committed by Ukrainian nationalists in the years 1925-1950, involving the use of violence, terror, or other forms of human rights violations against individuals or groups of people, and especially against the Polish population. The crime of Ukrainian nationalists and the Ukrainian militias that collaborated with the Third Reich, is also involved in the destruction of the Jewish population and the genocide of the citizens of the Second Polish Republic in Volhynia and Eastern lesser Poland”.

The denial “of the crimes of Bandera” is a penalty or deprivation of liberty for a term up to 3 years.

According to the authors of the project, Ukraine has a historic policy of seeking the sources of their identity in “criminal groups and criminal ideology of Ukrainian integral nationalism” which “captures all spheres of social and public life.”

Moreover, according to the law, Ukraine is trying to impose on Poland its vision of events 75 years ago.

Fraction Kukiz’15 presented their project more than a year ago, but for some time he was frozen. The deputies had to take him in November, but at the last moment the item was withdrawn from the agenda. According to unofficial information, then it was about how to bring more tension in relations between Kyiv and Warsaw on the eve of the visit of the President of Poland Andrzej Duda in Ukraine.

The Reaction Of Ukraine

The Ministry of foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Polish law responded quickly, expressing their deep concern.

“It’s a shame that Ukrainian theme is once again used in domestic politics in Poland, and tragic pages of our joint historical past continues to be politicized. Absolutely do not perceive another attempt to impose a unilateral interpretation of historical events, including incorrect use in an official document of the Republic of Poland name of the territory of modern Ukraine”, – said in a statement.

The foreign Ministry reminded the authors of the bill, that the Ukrainians, like the poles, suffered exceedingly great sufferings from totalitarian regimes during the Second world war, and also fought selflessly for the freedom of their homeland.

“In this context of extreme concern is the intention to portray the Ukrainians only as “crime nationalists” and “collaborators of the third Reich,” – said in a statement.

The foreign Ministry hopes that the Senate of the Republic of Poland, which should soon consider the bill, will have the political wisdom regarding issues that can adversely affect the development of bilateral relations.

“Realizing the sensitivity of the issues of historical memory in the life of the Ukrainian and Polish peoples, we call on the Polish side to be open and constructive in the further development of Ukrainian-Polish relations”, – noted in the Ministry.

The head of the Ukrainian Institute of national memory Vladimir vyatrovich said that Polish politicians froze the dialogue of historians between Warsaw and Kiev, and the law itself indicates a strengthening of political dictatorship over history in Poland.

What’s next?

In the first place will fall under attack living in Poland are Ukrainians. In Poland, there are organizations of the Ukrainian Diaspora, annual celebrations, which are often reminded of the UPA, Bandera, use the symbolism of the OUN-UPA. All this now will be banned.

Ukrainian workers increasingly complain of persecution and beatings in Poland. The law against “banderizma” may further configure the part of Polish society against the Ukrainians.

It is unclear whether now is considered one of the publicists use of the term “Volyn tragedy” denial “of the crimes of Ukrainian nationalists”. If so, what consequences await the “offenders” in the case of crossing the Polish border?

Hurt and Israel

In the West often use the term “Polish concentration camps” to refer to those death camps that the Third Reich created on the territory of occupied Poland. Although this basically means geo-referenced, the poles see this as an unacceptable shifting of responsibility for participation in the Holocaust.

Among other things, the Polish Parliament passed a law under which to prosecute those who publicly will use the term “Polish concentration camp”, and also to recognize the complicity of the Polish state or people in the Holocaust.

In Israel, the law understood as the desire to deny the participation of poles in the Holocaust.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called the law unreasonable:

“Nobody can change history and deny the Holocaust. I have instructed Ambassador to Poland tonight to meet with the Prime Minister and declare my determined resistance to the law.” The criticism was joined by the reputable Washington Holocaust Museum.

The Israeli foreign Ministry summoned the Deputy Ambassador of Poland in tel Aviv for an explanation. The Ministry said the new law “will not contribute to the revealing of historical truth and can harm the freedom of research”.

The Israeli foreign Ministry urged the Polish authorities to change the law before the vote in the Senate.

What they say in Poland

The President of Poland Andrzej Duda will carefully analyze the bill providing criminal punishment for statements about the involvement of poles in the Holocaust and the propaganda of so-called “Bandera ideology”.

“In this situation need not be guided by emotions. The Polish side have to consistently fight for the truth. For many years all too often we have heard the lies about the so-called Polish death camps. We can’t let things happen like that, and that then the law required. It has nothing to do with scientific research or, God forbid, falsification of the truth about the Holocaust”, – said the press Secretary of the head of state Krzysztof Lapinski.

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