Beach scandal in France: What is the burqini and why is it banned

Пляжный скандал во Франции: Что такое буркини и почему его запрещают

Muslim women on the beaches began to appear more often and they required that the resident of Australia the Ahed Zanetti, it was she who in 2004 created a burkini – a bathing suit that would conform to the Islamic canons.

How, when and why created the burqini

Ahed Zanetti lived and lives in a suburb of Sydney in Australia at the Bankstown town full of different ethnic groups. There Ahadi family moved when she was only 2 years.

The way of life of Australians was very different communities, and this, according to her, weighed. To start Ahed was inspired by a game of netball (an early version of basketball, which originated in England in the late nineteenth century), it has created in shape to play for Muslim women. Netball played niece Ahadi, she was forced to wear traditional Muslim clothing on top. “She blushed like a tomato,” – says Ahed.

While Zanetti did not adhere to Muslim dress code, but the embarrassment niece irritated her. She began to look for sports clothing, which would correspond to the Islamic canons, and, moreover, would be still beautiful. Her quest ended in complete fiasco. Then, Ahed took matters into their own hands. His first creation she called hedged – blend hood and hijab from lightweight and breathable fabric that would allow Muslim women to play sports.

Пляжный скандал во Франции: Что такое буркини и почему его запрещают

In June 2004, and appeared brand Ahadi – Ahiida, he soon switched to the manufacture of swimwear. Inspired article on how Muslim women “sneaking” into the water on the beaches. In those days, Zanetti has created the first burqini is made of fabric that would be suitable for swimming in water. Of course, initially, the product was used by a fairly narrow popular, but then in Australia the relationship of the Muslim community and Australians were pretty intense.

Since the tragedy of 11 September 2011 Australians was not very fond of Muslims, and in 2005 social tensions resulted in physical violence – a few days crowds attacked Muslims during the protests. Then the public organizations of the country began to seek ways of integrating the Muslim community in the life of Australians, and in 2007 Surf Life Saving decided to recruit Muslims to work with lifeguards on the beaches. And if men the case is more or less matter, women spasatelny and also of Muslim women to find it was impossible – it was in the clothes. Then the organization turned to the Ahed and she improved her burqini that they are allowed to move quickly in water and does not restrict movement.

Пляжный скандал во Франции: Что такое буркини и почему его запрещают

Over time, girls in burqini began to appear, and just relax on the beaches of Australia, and then innovation migrated to the United States and Europe, and became very popular among Muslim women.

According to Zanetti, about 40% of buyers burqini are not Muslim, and with the prohibition of sales increased by 200%.

Who banned the burqini and why

Mayor of Cannes David Linar 12 August issued a decree forbidding women to appear on the beaches in private clothes. He argued his decision by the fact that the burqini pointedly emphasize the belonging to Islam, and after the attack on the promenade des Anglais in nice, this can lead to massive discontent and unrest. So collective responsibility for the crimes of the radicals has spread to Muslim women wanting to swim in the sea on the Cote d’azur.

“The entrance to the beach and swimming is prohibited for anyone in inappropriate clothing that does not respect morality and secularism. Beach costumes that deliberately demonstrate religious affiliation, can carry a threat of violation of public order during the time when France and religious buildings is the target of terrorist attacks,” reads the city Ordinance.

Пляжный скандал во Франции: Что такое буркини и почему его запрещают

Zanetti, the Creator of the burqini, says she feels deja vu that this has happened in Australia.

Then the ban was supported in a half dozen towns in the South of France, in his favour, even the Prime Minister of the country, and right-wing politicians, and all exalted Linara’s decision almost to heaven.

The right woman or the right woman

“No man has the right to tell us where we can walk,” said Zanetti in one of the numerous interviews that followed the ban.

The decisions taken on the southern coast of France, responded throughout Europe, giving rise to a debate in social networks, which is traditionally splashed on the pages of leading publications. And that is natural, part of the Islamic men and imams said that a good Muslim has nothing to do at the beach”, while activists of the feminist movement emphasize that men have no right to tell women how to walk and what to wear – the burqini or bikini.

“The right woman” more often this phrase appears next to the tag #BurkiniBan, the right to decide to go to her with an open body or closed, to wear a headscarf or remove it. Became popular GIF where two men – a Muslim and a non-Muslim to decide how a woman should look like, then putting on her veil, then taking off.

Men: Stop telling women what to wear #BurkiniBan

— Ann Telnaes (@AnnTelnaes) 25 August 2016 R.

The discussion dragged and Catholic nuns – they visit the beaches in robes and even bathe in them. Their photographs were among the evidence that the decision of the local authorities were not about the religion in General and Islam in particular, and this is discrimination that is not compatible with the accepted today both in Europe and in France values.

Пляжный скандал во Франции: Что такое буркини и почему его запрещают

On 25 August the court ruled that the decision by the municipality contrary to the law of the country and violates human rights, but local authorities are not in a hurry to obey the word of Themis, and they with each passing day it becomes more and more supporters.

And, in General, to France’s ban on Muslim clothing is no longer a subject of debate, says Christine Delphi, one of the leaders of the feminist movement in the country. In his column for TheGuardian, she explains the realities of French life and how in the political establishment of the country’s Affairs with female Muslim clothing. She recalled that the current Prime Minister Manuel Valls was appointed Minister of internal Affairs in 2012, when France introduced a ban on the wearing of headscarves by Muslim women who work in state institutions.

Пляжный скандал во Франции: Что такое буркини и почему его запрещают

The beach volleyball competitions among women at the Olympic games in Rio, the match Egypt vs Germany

However, Delphi noted that under the law of schools, hospitals and other institutions that “don’t belong to anyone” – are not public, and public places. However, in the political debate of the country these places are increasingly linked with the state, and pace, fear it, women who consider it necessary to adhere to Sharia law, may lose the opportunity to work first in the public sector and then in private. The work and the opportunity to earn a living is one of the ways in which Islamic women can achieve more independence from men and to extend their rights.

Discussion about the burqini in Europe the debate is not about clothes, it’s a real test of the preparedness of companies to go on the offensive rights of a particular ethnic group on religious grounds. The public warmed bloody attacks last year, is almost ready to follow its right-wing leaders under the slogan of freedom from religion.