Better only Falcon. Musk estimated the Ukrainian Zenit

Лучше только Falcon. Маск оценил украинский Зенит

The network has remembered an interview with Elon musk in which he confesses his love to the Zenith.

The American inventor Elon Musk, founder of SpaceX, called the Ukrainian carrier rocket Zenit after his beloved Falcon.

Such a statement he made in 2015 in an interview with CNN Money, however, recently a clip of it went viral.

June 22, the Ukrainian media has published materials with the title “Elon Musk has named Zenith the best missile after his.”

Two years ago on a popular English-language website Reddit had a big discussion on “Elon Musk’s favorite rocket called the Zenit. Are there similarities between Zenit and Falcon 9”.

Users agreed that the similarities between the many missiles – two-stage, fly on the same fuel, similar in appearance and identical in power.

Корреспондент.net decided to recall why the Ukrainian carrier rocket Zenit is still recognized as one of the best.


The most advanced missile

Southern design office, located in the river in 1974 started development of the rocket, which power was to surpass the Cyclone-3. New media was created under the guidance of the scholar of Vladimir Fedorovich Utkin.

The plan provided for the creation of the carrier rocket, which has, in the first place, a unique performance properties:

– the possibility for the advance preparation of the application followed a long period of being in readiness to start;

-high speed start-up (for no more than one and a half hours after receiving the command);

– high environmental “purity” and non-toxic all of the components used and gases;

– high security for all launch activities by implementing the concept of “deserted” start;

– the possibility of transportation by rail fully assembled stairs without stopping for oncoming traffic, etc.

Лучше только Falcon. Маск оценил украинский Зенит

Utkin layout Zenith

Initial plans foresaw the creation of a complex Zenit only at the Plesetsk cosmodrome in the Arkhangelsk region. However, in that period, all building capacity of specialized organizations focused on the Baikonur cosmodrome, “zenitovsky” the start was quickly there. The Plesetsk launch Zenit was never completed.

Flight tests of the media began in March 1985. Long-term development of the rocket was due mainly to the difficulties in creating an unprecedentedly powerful engines.

The first launch was assigned an April 12 – cosmonautics Day. The morning of the day in the dining room of the hotel Yuzhnoye SDO on the 43rd floor during Breakfast under Utkin suddenly breaks apart the chair, which is considered a bad omen.

On that day, the launch did not take place due to technical problems at the launch site was moved on the 13th. During the first flight the accident occurred at 410 seconds into the flight, although the purpose of the first start – care from the start – was achieved.

Лучше только Falcon. Маск оценил украинский Зенит

Accident, Sentia 1990

The first of the thirteen starts, three were emergency. Scientific and technical Council of the spaceport gave a negative conclusion on the results of flight tests.

At fifteenth start 4 October 1990 there was a major accident. Due to the failure of the third of the second flight of the main liquid engine of the first stage of the Zenit fell into the flue of the starting device, exploded and completely destroyed the launch, which was not recovered.

Needed urgent revision of the missile and, above all, sustainer rocket engine of the first stage. It took about two years.

The name of the Zenit carrier received later, when it became a question of commercial use. Prior to that, she was called PH 11К77.

Now Zenit can be used in a variety of configurations: two-stage, three-stage, marine and terrestrial options starts with upper stage block DM-SL and the Frigate, which significantly expands the possibilities of its application.

As abeceda on the website of the South Bureau, the rebirth of Zenit at Baikonur took place in the project Land launch on 28 April 2008 and was marked by the successful launch into orbit an Israeli SPACECRAFT AMOS-3 in the form of a three-stage booster Zenit-3SL on the modernized complex Zenit-M.

“Rocket Zenit – it is the most advanced in the world of rocket that uses non-toxic propellants (liquid oxygen and kerosene RG-1). They are perfect in everything, especially in layout and existing technologies. They don’t fly, although we can start with the work of the Baikonur cosmodrome and with floating cosmodrome Sea launch”, – told in 2016 in an interview, head of Department of scientific-technical information CB South Alexander Loginov.

Floating cosmodrome Sea launch is a former Norwegian oil platform, which is adapted, by constructing a special command ship.

The cosmodrome is located in the Pacific ocean, where the best conditions exist for launch of the carrier rocket with the most efficient use of the Earth’s rotation.


Modifications, launches and new orders

Various modifications of the Zenith was carried out in conditions of the Russian-Ukrainian technological cooperation at the production Association southern machine-building plant them. A. M. Makarov (Yuzhmash) in the river.

Лучше только Falcon. Маск оценил украинский Зенит

Putin and Kuchma at the Pivdenmash / EPA

From 2015, the production of Zenit rockets suspended.

Zenit-2SLБ two – stage modification. The final configuration of the rocket launches was not used.

Zenit-3SL is a three-step modification. Used in the Sea launch program.

Zenit-3SL is a modification of the rocket Zenit-3SL, modified by the use of Baikonur and use only Russian-Ukrainian components. The first launch took place on 28 April 2008.

Лучше только Falcon. Маск оценил украинский Зенит

The launch of Zenit from Sea launch

Zenit-3SLБФ – modification of the rocket Zenit-2SLБ/Zenit-3SL. Designed for launch from the Baikonur cosmodrome. The first launch took place on 20 January 2011.

As at 11 December 2015 made 83 runs, of which:

– 70 successful

– 4 partially successful

– 9 unsuccessful.

During the years of independence of Ukraine has made 20 starts.

2 June 2017, it became known that the southern machine-building plant signed a contract with the Russian S7 company Sea Launch for production and delivery of 12 carrier rockets Zenit.

“The contract stipulates the manufacture of 12 boosters for use in Sea launch and Land launch”, – stated in the message Yuzhmash.

Yuzhmash also said that currently in production is two of the rocket Zenit-3SL and Zenit-3SL.

“By signing this contract a major step in overcoming the deep crisis, which remained Yuzhmash since 2013”, – stated in the message.

In Yuzhmash said that the portfolio of orders of the enterprise for the next years exceeds $ 350 million, among the main customers – companies from USA, Italy, India, and South Korea.

In addition, at the end of last year, the media learned that the Russian rocket and space Corporation Energia is negotiating with the Ukrainian southern design office on the launch of the satellite Angosat-1 for Angola.

The Russian side wants to start the machine using the Ukrainian launch vehicle Zenit in the framework of the program Sea launch.

Angosat-1 into orbit was supposed to bring the latest Russian carrier Angara. But he’s not ready yet, so the Corporation is returned to the initially considered version of the Zenith.

According to media reports, the only available launch Zenit stored at the Baikonur cosmodrome. However, the operating period of the warranty has expired, so necessary repairs with the participation of Ukrainian specialists.