Hell, not earth. The scandal over land reform

Хрен, а не земля. Скандал вокруг земельной реформы

Four parliamentary factions oppose the sale of agricultural land, farmers protest, and the President promises a referendum.

Hardly anyone could seriously hope that the decision to open the land market in Ukraine will be painless. Now have overlapping highways, protests and threats to block the entrance to Parliament. And Parliament has not even begun to consider the issues on the merits.

Correspondent.net dealt with the conflicts around the land market.

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Prior to 1 January 2020 in Ukraine a moratorium on land sales. Vladimir Zelensky promised to lift the moratorium and open the market.

He instructed the government to prepare and Parliament to adopt before December 1 of the bill on the land market of agricultural purpose with the lifting of the moratorium on land sales.

The Ministry of economy has published for discussion a draft law on circulation of agricultural land, according to which since October 1, 2020, is repealed the ban on the sale of land.

The opportunity to buy land would have Ukrainian individuals and legal entities, territorial communities and the state. The bill provides for a preferential right of the tenant to purchase the land. The concentration of land ownership is determined at 15% of area and 0.5% of the country. Lands of state and communal property will be sold at auction.

But the Parliament before the holidays to work in plenary regime only three weeks, so vote for was developed by the Cabinet of Ministers the bill should be now. To convince MPs to support the introduction of a land market on a coordination Board of Rada came personally to Prime Minister Alexey Goncharuk.

But on Tuesday, November 12, all land projects suddenly disappeared from the agenda of Parliament.

Protests

Protesting against the introduction of a land market, both on street and inside Parliament.

In several regions of Ukraine in the framework of the protest action under the slogan “No to the sale of Ukraine”, the farmers block the road. Joined farmers in 13 regions – Vinnytsia, Cherkasy, Chernihiv, Ternopil, Kirovohrad, Mykolaiv, Khmelnytsky, Zhytomyr, Odessa, Poltava, Volyn, Rivne and Lviv regions.

Under the Parliament protested against the opening of a land market. True, going on promotion just a few thousand people. Against protested the all-Ukrainian agrarian Council, representatives of political parties, the national body, the all-Ukrainian Association Svoboda and the Right sector.

In Parliament, the Batkivshchyna, the Opposition platform of Pro – life, European solidarity and the parliamentary group For the future opposed the sale of agricultural land.

“Land is expensive in the world a strategic resource. Strong, intelligent, smart countries of the world, its strategy determines the buying in state ownership of agricultural land in the country and abroad. In any case it is impossible today Ukraine to get rid of this strategic resource,” – said the leader of Batkivshchyna Yulia Tymoshenko at a meeting of Parliament.

Batkivshchyna demands to remove from consideration all bills on the sale of land and extend the moratorium, to define the strategy of the state, as to be with the earth.

European solidarity said that they are for the land market, but “when the Ukrainian peasants will be protected, the minimum price will be high, the Ukrainian farmer will be protected and will have priority, and those who want to buy land pieces the size of Liechtenstein or Andorra will not be able to do it.”

Opsi requires first to hold a national referendum on land. Will have faction Vadym Rabinovich expressions is not particularly chose: “And all representatives of the IMF, Soros and others whose greedy hands are drawn to the earth, I want to say, “Fuck you, not the land of Ukraine.” Dedica bald you get, not the earth.”

What the President thinks

President Vladimir Zelensky tried to calm the passions that for a start, the earth will be allowed to buy only Ukrainians, but foreigners and foreign companies will have the opportunity to buy Ukrainian land only on the results of a nationwide referendum.

According to the President, the old politicians who are against the land market is likely to defend somebody’s interests.

Press Secretary Yulia Zelenskaya Mendel on behalf of the President urged Ukrainians not to rush into selling the land when the market opens, because prices for this commodity will grow.

“Market prices will not be installed immediately, they will grow gradually, which is why the President, on the contrary, urges not to sell land in the first years,” – said Mendel.

According to her, is now about 5-7% of Ukrainians wish to sell land. In subsequent years, the number of applicants will fluctuate in the range of 3-5%, according to the experience of the Eastern European neighbors of Ukraine.

Press Secretary explained that after the lifting of the moratorium on land sales Ukrainians will be able freely to dispose of it. And it’s not just sales opportunities into the earth it will be possible to take the credit in Bank, to market rental prices.

“Land reform is the establishment of the rules of the game in a market where chaos reigns, speculation and gangsterism”, – it summed up.

What the Ukrainians think

According to a poll by the Razumkov Center, for 77.6% of Ukrainians would take part in the referendum on the abolition of the moratorium on sale of agricultural land if it were held next Sunday. 68,3% of them would vote for the extension of the moratorium.

The survey was conducted from 1 to 7 November.

However, one in four of those who would participate in the referendum at 23.2%, would vote for the introduction of a land market and the abolition of the moratorium on the sale of land. The remaining respondents are undecided with the answer.

The West for

The world Bank supports the intention of Ukraine’s leadership to open up the market of agricultural land. According to the world Bank, land reform will increase economic growth and standard of living of the entire Ukrainian people, revealing the agricultural potential of the country.

Support the intention to open the market in the European Bank of reconstruction and development.

Nationalists against

The party of national housing promises, since October 12, block entrances to the Verkhovna Rada. “We will not be allowed into the session hall those who plan to vote for the sale of land. That is, in any case, best of all, that for sure. The most zealous defenders of the land surrender from social networks can come and try to unlock,” – wrote in Facebookспикер National corpus of Roman Chernyshev.

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