Jamal, “1944”: what’s the song About Ukraine at “Eurovision”

Джамала, "1944": О чем песня Украины на "Евровидении"

Ukraine at “Eurovision 2016” in Stockholm is the singer of Jamal. February 21, she won the national final and said that will adequately represent Ukraine.

Jamal sang in Sweden the song “1944”, which conveys the tragedy krymskotatarskogo of the people and the family of the singer in particular.

Related news: Cemil sure that a song Jamala about the fate of the Crimean Tatar people will know the whole world

As previously admitted the singer herself, writing this song inspired by her grandmother’s story about the tragedy that happened with the Crimean Tatar people in 1944.

The song is in two languages – English and Crimean Tatar.

The text of the song Jamala “1944”

When strangers are coming…
They come to your house
They kill you all
and say,
We’re not guilty
not guilty.

Where is your mind?
Humanity cries.
You think You are gods.
But everyone dies.
Don’t swallow my soul.
Our souls

Yaşlığıma toyalmadım
Men bu yerde yaşalmadım
Yaşlığıma toyalmadım
Men bu yerde yaşalmadım

We could build a future
Where people are free
to live and love.
The happiest time.

Where is your heart?
Humanity rise.
You think You are gods
But everyone dies.
Don’t swallow my soul.
Our souls

Yaşlığıma toyalmadım
Men bu yerde yaşalmadım
Yaşlığıma toyalmadım
Men bu yerde yaşalmadım

vatanima toyalmadim

Джамала, "1944": О чем песня Украины на "Евровидении"

Translation

When strangers come…
They come to your house,
They kill all of you and say:
“We are not guilty… not guilty.”

Where is your mind?
Humanity is crying.
You think you are gods,
but all die,
don’t swallow my soul,
our souls.

I couldn’t spend my youth there, because you took away my world.

I couldn’t spend my youth there, because you took away my world.

We could build a future
Where people are free to live and love,
Happy times…

Where is your heart?
Humanity prosper!
You think you are gods,
But people die,
Don’t swallow my soul,
Our souls.

I couldn’t spend my youth there, because you took away my world.

I couldn’t spend my youth there, because you took away my world.

I had no country…

* * *

The deportation of the Crimean Tatars – one of the dark pages of the history of the Soviet Union and a terrible tragedy for this nation. On may 18-20, 1944, soldiers of the NKVD herded to the railway wagons almost all Tatar population of the Crimea and sent in the direction of Uzbekistan 70 trains. The Soviet government accused Crimean Tatars in collaboration with the Nazis and allegedly in retaliation had one of the fastest deportation in the history of the world.

However, accusations of collaboration – it was just a smokescreen and an excuse. In fact, the roots of the Kremlin’s antagonism toward the Crimean Tatars are leaving in the thirties, when the Soviet policy towards the other nationalities of the Soviet Union was repressive.

Dispossession, eviction in the North of Russia, collectivization, famine, fabricated cases against the Tatar intelligentsia and cleaning in the best Stalinist traditions – all this tuned the Crimean Tatars against the Soviet government. Of course, a few thousand Tatars fought against the Soviets in the Second world war, but far more of them fought on the side of the red army. Something similar happened in the Western Ukraine. As a result, all of the Tatars with the same brush, accused of treason, “the mass extermination of Soviet people” and collaborator. In addition, Stalin feared that the Crimean Tatars will be Pro-Turkish fifth column in Crimea.

Emergency decree on the deportation of the Crimean Tatar people to Central Asia carried out 32 thousand of the NKVD. They just passed the house of Tatars and announced to the owners that because of the treason they were evicted from the Crimea. At the charges given for 15-20 minutes. Mostly people could not take with them even the most necessary to survive in a new place. Trucks of people were brought to the railway station where freight trains were taken exhausted Tatars in the distant steppe. Transport conditions were inhuman. During the long journey (train was traveling a few weeks) killed about eight thousand people, most of them children and the elderly. The most common causes of death – thirst, and typhoid. People aren’t fed. Some, unable to bear the suffering, went crazy.

All the property remained in the Crimea after the Tatars, the state arrogated to itself.

The Crimean Tatars were deported, mostly to Uzbekistan and border areas of Kazakhstan and Tajikistan. Settled Tatars in special settlements, surrounded by armed guards, checkpoints and surrounded by barbed wire. If you consider that people used as cheap labor in the collective farms, enterprises, on construction of the Farkhad hydroelectric power station, it was like a labor camp. Leave the boundary of the special settlements was possible only with the permission of the NKVD, otherwise 20 years in prison. The local population propaganda set up against immigrants. To use the Crimean Tatar language in education or the media were prohibited. The Soviets even forbade entered in the passport of the Crimean Tatar nationality.

The living conditions of Crimean Tatars in the steppes of Uzbekistan were terrible. Once in a different environment, without immunity to the local diseases, the Tatars suffered epidemics of malaria, yellow fever, dysentery. For the first three years after resettlement from starvation, exhaustion and disease have died, according to various estimates, from 20 to 46% of all deportees, almost half are children.

Some researchers and dissidents believe that the deportation of the Tatars corresponds to the definition of genocide. They argue that the Soviet government had intended to destroy the Crimean Tatars as an ethnic group and was purposefully trying to achieve this goal. To return to the surviving native Tatars in Crimea were allowed only in the late 1980s. One of those who survived the times of deportation, is Mustafa Dzhemilev, who in the times of independent Ukraine became the leader of the Crimean Tatar people.

However, despite the eloquent facts, up to 12 November 2015 the deportation of the Crimean Tatars was not considered a genocide. And just last year the Verkhovna Rada has finally recognized the tragedy of the Crimean Tatars a genocide.

By the way, the Russian authorities in 2014 again came to the Crimea, and as 70 years ago, the Crimean Tatars again were in the list of undesirables. In mosques being searched, seized objectionable literature, dispersed the Crimean Tatar rallies, and even missing people disappear.

All this Jamal sings. The only problem is that even in Ukraine not everyone understands the depth of this tragedy. We can only hope that you will understand in Europe.

112.ua

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