Language question. Neighbours against Ukrainization

Языковой вопрос. Страны-соседи против украинизации

The law “On education” contradicts the Constitution, international treaties and European values, say Ukrainian neighbors.

Countries-Ukraine’s neighbors condemned the law “On education”, which the Verkhovna Rada adopted on 5 September. Hungary even complained to the UN, the EU and the OSCE.

Hungary and Romania, Poland, Moldova and Russia said that the law violates the rights of national minorities.


Education reform, as Ukrainization

In Ukraine the school education in minority languages receive about 400 thousand children in 735 schools.

Under the new law, as of 2018, Russian, Hungarian, Romanian, Polish, Moldovan, students will study only up to fifth grade, but in 2020 this rule will not be and the Ukrainian education will be entirely in Ukrainian.

For the Tatars and the Karaites made an exception. Small indulgences the law provides also for the English language and the languages of the European Union, which can be taught in schools “one or more items”.

As noted by the Minister of education Liliya Hrynevych, “Ukraine – the only country – bearer of the Ukrainian language and the law “On education” expands the use of the state language in education, and this is quite natural and normal.”

She noted that in schools with language minority children do not know Ukrainian and as a result have limited access to higher education in Ukraine.

Языковой вопрос. Страны-соседи против украинизации


The document, in particular, introduces the training of students in the 12-year secondary education (for primary and relevant secondary education from September 1, 2018, for a basic secondary education 1 September 2022).

Under the new system, to graduate from school children will be 18-19 years old. The first problem is recruitment. And then graduates can’t even get the chance to go to College and will go into the army right after prom.

In addition, the law provides for a phased increase the salary of teachers up to three minimum wages to 2023 (about ten thousand).

One of the innovations is the introduction of a mechanism of recruitment of teachers on contract employment. As Director of the school can take not more than six years.

It is noteworthy that taking the whole text of the bill, the deputies adopted and one amendment, which was not separately voted in the session hall.

We are talking about the amendment 814, which gives the right to initiate administrative prosecution of teachers who are to speak disparagingly about the Ukrainian characters, or the state.

A knife in the back neighbors

Education reform, the implementation of which will cost the budget of three billion dollars, has become an object of criticism within Ukraine and abroad.

Even in the summer around education reform burst into financial scandal. Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman called it too costly for the state, it is estimated that reform will cost taxpayers $ 87 billion.

Finance Minister Alexander danyluk called on the Parliament not to support the project, saying that its implementation of funds in the budget and never will be.

The Minister of education is responsible, that the cost of the reform separated for many years, and the most expensive will be 2029-2030 years, when the future first-graders will finish 12th grade.

Among the neighbouring countries the most tough and aggressive position was taken by Hungary.

“Ukraine Hungary plunged the knife in the back when made changes to the law on education, which strongly violates the rights of the Hungarian minority… it is Shameful that a country that seeks to develop closer relations with the EU, a decision that is in total opposition to European values. It is unacceptable that Ukraine has deprived the Hungarians of their right to education in their native language,” – said in a statement the foreign Ministry of Hungary.

Языковой вопрос. Страны-соседи против украинизации

Lesson vengerskogo language school in Uzhgorod / EPA

The Ministry of foreign Affairs of Romania, expressed the hope that the rights of the Romanian minority in Ukraine will be preserved and emphasized the concern of the Romanian authorities in connection with this issue.

The President of Moldova, Igor Dodon said he is concerned about the fate of the Romanians and Moldovans living in Ukraine, due to the adoption of the new Ukrainian law on education.

“One of the main tasks of democracy – the protection of the rights of ethnic minorities, tolerance to the culture and traditions of our compatriots, respecting their desire to raise children in their native language,” wrote he in Facebook.

He is outraged by the fact that the large community of Romanians and Moldovans in Ukraine “at present, risks will be exposed to denationalization by unfair law imposed in Kiev.”

The leader of Moldova appealed to the Kiev authorities to reconsider their new policy regarding ethnocultural minorities.

“Remind them that in Moldova the rights of the Ukrainian community are respected. Call for an equally constructive approach on the part of a neighboring state,” he wrote.

Hungarian and Romanian organizations in Ukraine wrote a letter to President Petro Poroshenko, in which he called to veto the law.

“Article 7 contains provisions that are contrary to articles 10, 22, 23, 53 of the Constitution of Ukraine and paves the way to linguistic assimilation of minorities,” – said in an open letter to the Romanian community in Chernivtsi region.

“Protection of the rights of national minorities provides not only the Constitution but also international treaties and obligations that were guaranteed since the Declaration of Ukraine’s independence 26 years ago. The amendments contradict the Constitution,” written in obamania vengerskie to the President of the organization.


The Ministry of education sees no violations

Co-author of the law “On education”, the Chairman of the parliamentary Subcommittee on science and education Taras Kremen said in an interview with Radio Liberty that the document is fully consistent with the Constitution of Ukraine.

“In the preparation of this document, the question of language was discussed by no less than twenty meetings of our Committee, and most of them took place with the participation of leaders of public organizations, academia, members of Parliament and representatives from various departments and foreign embassies. The key phrase, which begins with the language of the seventh article reads: “the Educational process in all educational establishments is the Ukrainian language”. This provision fully meets the Constitution of Ukraine,” – said Flint.

As for the national minorities, according to the law, their representatives have the right to learn in separate groups of kindergartens, primary school classrooms, in which in addition to Ukrainian to be used in the educational process, the language of the minority concerned.

“That is, in order not to infringe upon the rights of national minorities, should be a group, depending on the number and the educational process will be, including and language minorities. Should be the integration of the state language of the Ukrainian state, together with the language of national minorities residing compactly in a single area,” says co-author of the law.

As writes Deutsche Welle, in response to a request to the Ministry of education also States that Article 7 does not violate the Constitution.

The reason for the revision of the conditions of teaching of the Ukrainian language in schools has become a “trend towards lowering of the level and quality of General secondary education in schools with instruction in languages of national minorities, which is confirmed, including the results of testing”, said in response.

Языковой вопрос. Страны-соседи против украинизации

Minorities bad pass UPE, say in the Ministry of education / TSN

In the Ministry of education cite data that in 2016, 60 percent of students who belong to the Romanian and Hungarian minorities are unable to pass the EIT mathematics and history of Ukraine.

“The worst performance testing on the Ukrainian language received the graduates of Beregovo district, where the Hungarian community. 75 percent of the graduates of the area received from 1 to 3 points for 12-point scale”, – says in response.

This trend, noted in the Ministry, violate the constitutional right to join the universities on a competitive basis, reduce the chances of a successful career.

“It is therefore important to expand the teaching of subjects in the state language”, – explained in the Ministry of education.


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