Mystery solved. How the Egyptians built the pyramids

Тайна раскрыта. Как египтяне строили пирамиды

The great pyramids of Giza (Cheops / Khufu)

In Egypt, scientists have found the remains of ancient mounds, with which the workers of the era of Pharaoh Khufu moved giant blocks of stone and probably built the pyramids.

Archaeologists first found the device with which the ancient Egyptians probably built the pyramids. This device was a ramp that could be used for lifting heavy loads. He’s approximately 4.5 thousand years.

Scientists assumed that the inhabitants of Ancient Egypt used the system for the movement of stone blocks for the construction of the pyramids. However, they did not know exactly how it works device. Корреспондент.net tells details.

 

The first proof

The Egyptian pyramids are among the most ancient surviving stone structures in the world. Most often they were built as tombs for the pharaohs and other distinguished persons.

The most famous pyramids are on the outskirts of Cairo in Giza. The largest is the pyramid of Cheops, the only surviving of the seven wonders of the world. This building height of 145 meters and a width and a length of 230 meters and remains one of the tallest and largest buildings ever created by mankind.

It was built of blocks of limestone and granite. She eventually left without several layers of veneer. In the mid-12th century Cairo residents took to the pyramid with white limestone, to Ostrow homes after Arab RAID.

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A group of scientists from the French Institute of Oriental archaeology in Cairo and the University of Liverpool in England has discovered a device by which the ancient Egyptians probably built the pyramids, says Science Alert 1 Nov.

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Near the “largest open air Museum” Luxor city career Hatnub, where the Egyptians in ancient times was mined alabaster used for the manufacture of ritual accessories, the archaeologists found traces of a ramp, which could be used for lifting heavy loads. It is at least 4.5 thousand years.

In the center of the bulk of the design was the sloping ground on either side of which were stairs and the hole. In the holes can insert the wooden pillars around which wound a rope. The massive blocks were fixed on the wooden “sleigh”. After that, the builders pulled the ropes and moved the blocks across the site at an angle of 20 degrees.

“This is an important discovery – the first evidence that heavy blocks were cut and moved from the quarries,” said the Secretary General of the Ministry of Affairs of antiquities of Egypt Mustafa Vaziri.

Archaeologists believe that the same design was used at other quarries.

“Before such a system was not found”, – said the employee of the archaeological mission Yannis Gourdon.

Signs on the instruments and two inscriptions the name of Cheops has led scientists to the conclusion that the ramp applies at least to the reign of this Pharaoh, the Builder of the great pyramid at Giza (ruled 2589-2566 or the 2551-2528 BC), a researcher said.

“It says that in those days the Egyptians already knew how to move huge blocks of stone using oblique devices,” he said.

Waited Great. Who is the black sarcophagus

In addition to the ramp in the quarry found about 100 inscriptions made in honor of the visits of the pharaohs, and stone dwellings of the working quarry. Was unearthed four stone steles: one depicts a standing man, while the other pictures cannot be viewed due to poor condition. They will take the restorers.

What hide the secret room of the pyramid of Cheops

In the great pyramid found a void which may be the secret tomb. The discovery was made by physicists with the help of telescopes, able to see muons – charged particles that arise after the collision of cosmic rays with gas molecules in the air, it was reported in November in the journal Nature.

Scientists from the project ScanPyramids found void above the main corridor of the pyramid. The length of the space is 30 meters, width – about two.

Presumably, the space may be a corridor or a whole Suite of rooms.

The muons are accelerated to incredible speeds and penetrate hundreds of meters deep into the planet’s surface. According to scientists, one square meter of the earth absorbs about 10 thousand muons.

Telescopes, used by scientists to see particles in the voids muon flux is dissipated much more slowly than in a collision with a layer of rocks.

The observations were carried out according to the same principles that were used in CERN when the discovery of the Higgs boson.

The study’s authors say that their finding is the first for the last few centuries. In previous times the new premises in the great pyramid was found by the Caliph al-mA’mun in the ninth century.

After a few months, scientists said that the area of voids with a length of thirty meters in the pyramid of Cheops may hide the throne, made of meteorite iron.

“For their existence must be a good reason, and that reason should be deeply tied to the Egyptian funerary religion, where it is stated that after death the Pharaoh must sit on the throne of iron, and then pass through the gate of heaven, and ascend to the stars in the North,” said astrophysicist Giulio Magli.

The scientist notes that in the pyramid there are four “duct” in which the spirit of the deceased ruler could “get out”, while the passage leading to the North, ends at a sealed door. Just beyond it, according to Magli are found voids that likely represent the chamber with the throne.

Magli recalls that in the pyramid earlier managed to find the throne of the mother of Cheops Hetepheres. He had low base of cedar, covered with gold and faience.

Caroline Cervera

 

The throne room of Ramses the legendary

Last week it was reported that the Egyptian archaeological mission discovered a ceremonial hall during the reign of the legendary Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt Ramses the Second. He reigned in the years 1279-1213 BC and left a rich legacy.

Ramses was famous for his victories, conquests, development of new areas, achievements in construction and irrigation. Under him Egypt’s borders expanded to the territories of modern Syria and Sudan.

The head of the mission of Mamdouh al-Damati said that the building is well preserved is unique and very important find.

This hall was used by the Pharaoh Ramses II and his heirs for special ceremonies, during which the Pharaoh sat on a throne situated on a dais.

So all the audience could see the head of state of any part of the room, and to hear him speak.

Soon one of the Egyptian museums are also filled up another plate with the characters. One of them, incidentally, was inscribed the image of Ramses II.

In addition, at the site discovered stone walls and numerous fragments of pottery: it indicates located a large store of grain.

Ramses the Second was repeatedly buried in different places because of the activity of the robbers. Only in 1881 the remains of Pharaoh have become dostupny for scientists who today investigate them for scientific purposes.

Now his mummy is on display in the Egyptian Museum.

 

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