The reconstructed rib cage of a Neanderthal
The spine ancient man was “drowned” in the thorax is deeper than in modern humans, the ribs at the bottom were extended, and the lumbar bending was not.
An international team of researchers reconstructed the rib cage of a Neanderthal and found out how an ancient relative of the person walked and breathed. The data show that Neanderthals walked hunched over, as previously thought, says Science Alert.
Anthropologist Patricia Kramer and his colleagues studied the remains of Moses — the Neanderthal that was found in a cave Kebar in Israel in 1983. Due to the unique conditions of burial, his bones have been preserved almost intact.
The team concentrated its research on areas of the body which includes the chest, the spine and the cavity of the heart and lungs. This part of the body is of particular importance because it can tell us about breathing and balance.
The spine ancient man was “drowned” in the thorax is deeper than in modern humans, the ribs at the bottom were extended, and the lumbar bending was not. The researchers believe that with this spine Neanderthals could only walk straight, and very broad chest covered voluminous. So the Neanderthals breathed deeper, consuming more oxygen.
“Wide at the bottom of the rib cage of the Neanderthals and the horizontal orientation of the ribs suggests that Neanderthals relied more on their diaphragm for breathing,” explains one of the authors of the study, Ella Beane of the University of tel Aviv.
The peculiarities did the Neanderthals are stronger and hardier – allowed more efficient use of the muscles due to the innate ability to consume more oxygen.
Earlier, a group of scientists from the medical Institute of Howard Hughes and Allen Institute has conducted research in the area of neurons to identify those that are responsible for movement. In the end, it was found that some cells planning activity, while other do it.