“Slave Labor”. For that criticize the new Labour code

"Рабский КЗоТ". За что критикуют новый Трудовой кодекс

The new Labour code: what is wrong with him

The government has drafted a new Labour code which, according to trade unions, cut workers ‘ rights.

On the website of the Verkhovna Rada published the text of the new draft Labour code, which criticized the trade unions. Existing labor law does not suit the employers. Корреспондент.net tells details.

 

Any claim to the new labor law

Current labour code was registered in 1971 and during that time has experienced a 95 editions – changes were made in almost every state.

According to the head of the Secretariat of the Council of entrepreneurs under the Cabinet of Andrew Zablovskogo, foreign investors consider the current Kodes “wild”, so reluctant to come to Ukraine.

At the end of December the government registered the bill of the new Rudakovo code of 99 articles, which the Parliament expected to consider in February 2020.

The main changes of the Labor code:
 

  • Prescribed in the bill the concept of “employment relationship” and introduces seven different types of contracts tailored to different types of employment.
  • The bill retained the basic social guarantees in the sphere of labour, as well as guarantees for pregnant women and women on maternity leave.
  • Prescribed the possibility for the employer to dismiss an employee at will of the employer.
  • Reduced the compensation for work on weekends and holidays, and mandatory weekend per week reduced to one.
  • Introduced mediation in labor relations and created the State labour Inspectorate.

"Рабский КЗоТ". За что критикуют новый Трудовой кодекс

The types of employment contract

The unions called the new bill “Code on slavery” because he, according to them, violates certain basic norms, including, on an eight-hour working day.

International and European trade Union Confederation has appealed to President Vladimir Zelensky with a request to block the new draft Labor code.

As stated in the open letter, the unilateral termination of contracts by employers violates the norms of conventions of the International labour organization, which Ukraine has signed.

Work more, get less

“Normal” working hours every seven days is 40 hours, but the employer determines the duration of the working day. The draft States only that rest between shifts should not be less than 12 hours every 24 hours.

Under current law, overtime work is paid at double rate. In the new project offered to pay for it only 20 percent more than work in a regular chart.

Sick pay for up to five days will be at the expense of the employer, from the sixth day until the completion of the period of the disease – at the expense of the state.

Dismissal for one day

The greatest indulgence for employers in the new labor law can be called a proposal to grant the right to dismiss an employee on their own initiative and with virtually no obvious reason.

However, the employer must notify the employee of dismissal in time (from 15 to 90 days, depending on how much time you are working at this place of employment).

The bill proposes to allow the employer to dismiss the employee without waiting, however, subject to the payment of compensation: for every day the statutory notice period shall be paid at double rate.

Interrupted vacation

The annual basic paid leave is granted for a period not less than 24 calendar days per working year that is counted from the date of conclusion of the employment contract.

Increase the duration of the unpaid leave from 15 to 30 days a year. At the same time reduce mandatory weekend – from 48 to 24 hours every week.

But the employer may terminate employee leave for “production necessity” and the discretion to schedule vacations.

 

As explained by the authorities

Deputy economy Minister Julia Sviridenko assured the liberalization of regulations and said that the Cabinet of Ministers creates a “more flexible form of realization of labour relations”.

The authors of the project No. 2708 promise that the reform of labour legislation will be able to:

  • to ensure equality of parties to employment contracts
  • to enhance the competitiveness of business
  • to increase the inflow of investments
  • to introduce modern forms of employment (udalenke, seasonal work, flexible schedule)
  • to force employers to draw workers officially on the “white” salary

On 15 January the Ministry of economic development published a “debunking myths” about its bill by the Labour code.

As for layoffs in a single day, the Ministry noted that this situation provides for compensation from the employer.

They also stressed that the insurance (pension) experience in translation work book into a digital version is not lost.

 

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