The way to Planet X. the Goblin on the edge of the Solar system

Путь к Планете X. Гоблин на краю Солнечной системы

Goblin – the most distant from the Sun dwarf planet

The site is called TG387 2015. It is located at a distance of 80 astronomical units from the Sun. Its orbit indicates the existence of the ninth planet of the Solar system.

Astronomers looking for Planet X, discovered a new dwarf planet in the Solar system. The site is called TG387 2015 and the unofficial nickname of Goblin.

Scientists say that the Goblin and other similar objects on the outskirts of the Solar system will lead to Planet X, the existence of which could explain their orbits. Корреспондент.net tells details.

 

Guide to Planet X

American astronomers have found a dwarf planet 2015 TG387 and gave her the nickname Goblin. It is located at a distance of 80 astronomical units from the Sun and has a radius of about 300 kilometers, according to the minor planet Center. A Preprint of the work of scientists published on the website arXiv.org.

The Goblin was noticed in October 2015 with the Subaru telescope, located atop the volcanic peak Mauna Kea in Hawaii. On the establishment of its orbit it took another three years. The work also took part the Observatory of Las Campanas in Chile Discovery Channel telescope in Arizona.

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Путь к Планете X. Гоблин на краю Солнечной системы

On the outskirts of the Solar system found a new dwarf planet

Length of the semimajor axis of the orbit is approximately 1200 astronomical units. The average distance of removal of the dwarf planet from the Sun exceeds the deletion of all other known objects.

Scientists say that the orbit of the Goblin confirms the existence of Planet X, predicted theoretically in 2016. Its orbit is very elongated and far out in the Oort cloud.

“These distant objects – like a trail of breadcrumbs, leading us to Planet X. the more of them we find, the better we’ll be able to study the external boundaries of the Solar system and to find that planet which forms their orbits,” the researchers note.

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Orbita Goblin

Goblins also have two dwarf planet companion – open in 2014, the 2012 VP113, and was discovered in 2003, Sedna.

The researchers suggest that the object has a spherical shape, but something more to say about his physical characteristics yet.

“It is hard to see, so the only thing we can say it exists. We don’t even know the color of an object, we Eze has not received data spectroscopy or something like that,” say the researchers.

The open orbit of the dwarf planet is called the eccentricity, length and direction of major axis confirms the existence of Planet X.

Путь к Планете X. Гоблин на краю Солнечной системыA patch of sky on which you found the Goblin

To test this hypothesis, scientists have numerically modeled, as in the orbit of the object 2015 TG387 affected by the gravitational influence of planets of Solar system, galactic tidal forces or collision with neighboring star systems.

As a result, the researchers found that the Goblin is “on the verge”. If we introduce in the model the Planet X orbit 2015 TG387 stabiliziruemost. Scientists believe that it can serve as an additional argument in favor of the existence of Planet X.

“It should be understood that our calculations and observations are not necessarily talking about the fact that planet X exists. On the other hand, they indicate that on the outskirts of the Solar system do have some kind of large object”, say the researchers.

 

The mysterious Ninth planet

In early 2016, astronomers Konstantin Batygin and his colleague at the California Institute of technology Michael brown announced that they were able to calculate the position of the mysterious Planet X the ninth planet of the Solar system remote from the Sun 41 billion kilometers and weighing 10 times more than the Earth.

At the end of last year, they talked about the five evidence of the existence of the Ninth planet of the Solar system.

“There are five evidence that the ninth planet of the Solar system exists. If you imagine that it is not, you will have to explain these five features of the Solar system and to solve many other problems. Will appear as five independent from each other problems, each of which will have to explain separately,” says Batygin.

Due to the vast distances to this planet, scientists estimate that a single revolution around the Sun it makes over 15 thousand years.

It is known, its approximate orbit, but there is no solid evidence of its existence, in addition to the strange nature of the movement of a number of dwarf planets and asteroids in the Kuiper belt beyond the orbits of Neptune and Pluto.

Путь к Планете X. Гоблин на краю Солнечной системы

Planet X in the representation of the artist

These heavenly bodies rotate in the opposite direction compared to other planets of the Solar system, their orbit is very inclined relative to the other orbits.

Scientists say that the behaviour of these dwarf planets not predicted by the classical model of the formation of the Sun and its planetary family.

“Eccentricities of these orbits cannot be explained in any way except adding Planet X in the Solar system. Her presence in itself leads to the birth of such objects and their unusual orbits, its gravity must throw away part of the small bodies from the Kuiper belt beyond the plane of the Solar system, and then Neptune needs to draw them to himself and sit on the current orbit” – explain the scientists.

Previously, scientists said that a potential ninth planet of the system revolves around Syncase beyond Pluto in an elongated orbit (and inclined relative to Earth’s orbit plane) with a period of 15 thousand years, and physico-chemical properties reminiscent of Neptune.

Planet X has managed to do is responsible for the inclination of the Laplace plane of the Solar system and blame mass extinctions on Earth.

 

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