Will be half-empty. Compromise in the EU Sepatuku-2

Будет полупустым.  Компромис в ЕС по Севпотоку-2

Nord stream-2 padded half

The EU finally decided how its requirements should apply in respect of the gas pipeline Nord stream-2.

Adopted by the European Union amendments to the gas Directive made the implementation of the project Nord stream-2 is more realistic, however, can lead to the fact that the pipeline will not be able to work in normal mode.

Experts continue to be called Nord stream-2 trap for Ukraine and the EU and trying to understand why Germany got into it. Корреспондент.net tells details.

 

Nord stream-2 will be half-empty

In early February, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that European countries have reached agreement on the question of how to regulate Russian gas pipeline Nord stream-2. On the eve of the vote on the stricter requirements of the Gas Directive of the European Union, France has decided to vote against the project of Gazprom.

On 13 February it became known that the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union have provisionally agreed on amendments to the Gas Directive. According to the amendments, the requirements of the Third energy package should be applied to the gas pipelines coming into the EU from third countries.

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Draft February 20, will be re-voting in the EU Council, where, most likely, will be accepted. Then there will be legal and linguistic expertise, approval by the European Parliament in April and the EU Council at the level of heads of state in may, after which the amendments will become law.

A closer review of the amendments to the European gas Directive, Kommersant found out that the Nord stream-2 in the first years of operation will be nedozagruzheny.

This is due, in particular, the fact that the rules of the European internal market, which must comply with the pipeline require access to it facilities by third parties.

And it’s almost impossible, because the gas from the Russian side may submit only Gazprom is the only company entitled to export.

In the result, the Russian company will be able to use the pipeline less than half.

In theory this point can be avoided if Russia and Germany will sign an intergovernmental agreement. But here, too, possible problems, since the EU has the right to include in the contract certain provisions.

In addition, the EU will be able to request additional information that will allow you to delay the negotiations. In addition, Germany will have to enlist the support of the majority of EU countries.

On February 18 the Minister of foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin said that to monitor compliance with European rules in relation to the Nord stream-2 will be Germany, but under the control of the European Commission.

“It is basically a compromise that I would call, as they are usually called “save face”, but I can’t say to our friends… But nevertheless informative no compromise there. We and all our friends on this very long work”, – said Klimkin.

 

Russia has put Ukraine conditions

Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly said that he is ready to save the transit of gas through Ukrainian territory. In August last year at a meeting with Merkel, Putin said that transit via Ukraine will be saved.

February 9 this year, the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Russia expressed readiness to continue gas transit through Ukraine “only in Moscow”.

“Yes, we are ready to continue the Ukrainian transit, but on the terms that we need. There are a number of elements that the Ukrainians still can not go,” – said Deputy foreign Minister of the Russian Federation Alexander Pankin.

According to him, currently in Ukraine there is uncertainty regarding its own transmission system, as well as its successor, and of the consortium.

“One of the stated options is that there is a valid contract, it is possible to continue making any necessary changes. But, it seems that Ukraine rejects this option. Here, perhaps, about the automatism it will not go, but there are certain nuances that need to be clear,” – said the diplomat.

Pankin stressed, however, that hinder implementation of the SP-2, to force Russia to export gas via Ukraine at a disadvantage, will not work.

Recall that the agreement between Kyiv and Moscow on gas transit via Ukraine expire in 2019. In July 2018, following a trilateral meeting between the EU, Russia and Ukraine in Berlin, Vice-President of the European Commission for energy maroš Šefčovič said that Moscow and Kiev have recognized the need to develop a new agreement in 2020.

SP-2 is a trap

The authoritative British magazine the Economist also writes that the implementation of Saitoti-2 will continue, but with some delays. However, no economic sense, the newspaper notes, because the capacities of existing pipelines sufficient to transport Russian gas.

The Economist writes that in the foreseeable future, the demand in Europe for Russian gas will not increase to such a level to build a new pipeline.

“It is not surprising that the Russian state energy giant Gazprom is the sole shareholder of this project,” the article reads.

Save SP-2. Merkel is ready to buy gas from America

The true goals of this project are exclusively political, the importance of the three aspects, says the publication.

First. Nord stream-2 directly harms the Ukraine, through which most of Russian gas supplied to Europe, and Poland.

“The pipeline will prevent Ukraine to involve Germany in its dispute with Russia, and at the same time it will deprive the Ukrainian government of revenues from the transit of Russian gas. In the absence of SP-2 there are limits to how much the excesses of Russia can make in Ukraine does not jeopardize its own economy. Thus, the main task – to pass the territory of Ukraine”, – says Economist.

Second. Will increase Europe’s dependence on Russian energy, as Moscow will be able to offer their customers a lower price. However, this dependence on Russia is contrary to the policy of the European Union, which requires greater openness and transparency, and fair competition.

“German Chancellor Angela Merkel, apparently, appreciates cheap energy more than European security. It’s crazy. Russia has already demonstrated in 2006 and 2009, when it has restricted gas supplies through Ukraine, it’s ready to use gas as a political weapon”, – stated in the material.

Third. Nord stream-2 separated the Western allies, setting the countries of Eastern Europe against many of the countries of Western Europe and by driving a wedge between Europe and America, which has long opposed this pipeline.

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“Putin probably believes that the ability to cause so many problems in just 11 billion dollars (the cost of the project – ed.) is a great bargain. But for Europe it’s a real trap”, – writes the edition.

The Economist tries to understand why Germany got into it. Perhaps Merkel conceded to the demands of German business, which strengthened after the decision to close German nuclear plants in 2011. Maybe because its surrounded by many supporters of the Northern streams, for example former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, who is part of the Board of Directors of Nord stream-2, and Rosneft.

 

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