World heritage. Why UNESCO added to the list

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In the 42nd session of the world heritage Committee considers new candidates for inclusion in the UNESCO list of new objects.

Of the world heritage Committee of UNESCO, which is meeting in these days in Bahrain’s capital Manama, added to the list new objects that are of historical, cultural or scientific interest.

Presence in this list provides protection, as stipulated by international treaties. Корреспондент.net talks about the newcomers in the world heritage List of UNESCO.

 

The ancient port city of Qalhat, Oman

In the middle ages this city was a bustling port on the Indian ocean coast. In Colgate preserved ruins of ancient markets, a mosque and a fortress.

UNESCO has decided that he is a unique archaeological evidence of the close ties between the Arabian Peninsula and the rest of the world.

 

The secret of the Christian Church in Nagasaki, Japan

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The Church of Oura or 26 Japanese martyrs / Wikimedia

In the 18-19 centuries in one area of the island of Kyushu, which is the third largest among the Islands of the Japanese archipelago, was built the Christian Church. In those days in Japan, Christianity was a prohibited religion.

The Committee determined that these churches talk about the first steps of the Christian missionaries that operated in Japan illegally.

 

Art Deco and Gothic architecture in Mumbai, India

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Oval Maidan / Flickr CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

In the late 19th century, the city of Bombay (1995 – Mumbai) on the Arabian sea has become a major center of world trade.

Then the authorities decided to build for private owners of buildings in the Victorian style. The art Deco used for apartment houses and public facilities such as cinemas and hospitals.

 

The Oasis Of Al-Hasa, Saudi Arabia

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Palm grove oasis of al-hasa / Wikimedia

Oasis is located in the historical region of al-hasa in the East Kingdom, there are grown more than 1.5 million date palms. People living here since Neolithic times.

It is the largest palm oasis, surrounded by sand, in the world.

Besides, in that location are several other attractions: the mosque, the palaces, the market, the hill and the port. Oasis is also known for its gardens, canals, springs and wells.

UNESCO calls it a unique example of human interaction with the environment.

 

Mountain monasteries, South Korea

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DIN of the main Buddhist temples in South Korea Chandos / Culture Trip

Most of the Korean Buddhist monasteries built over a thousand years ago. They are called Sansa, which means “mountain temple”.

In the list of UNESCO got the temples:

– Popchusa (553 years) in the mountains of the national Park Songnisan,

– Pusaka (676 year) on mount Ponvannan,

– Techinca (presumably 7-9 century) on mount Turunen on the southern coast of the Korean Peninsula

temple of Pandions (late 7th century) on mount Condensin,

one of the main Buddhist temples in South Korea Chandos (646 year) on the mountain Anthoxan near Busan

– Magoksa (7 or 9 century), located near the city of Gyeongju,

– CONAMA (529 875 or year) on the mountain Cohesin.

Seven temple complexes include outdoor areas of halls and pavilions, decorated with ornaments dedicated to the Buddha.

It is sacred to Buddhists places that have survived as centres of the faith to the present day, noted in UNESCO.

 

Monuments of the Sassanid era, Iran

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The fortress of Galeh-dohtar ruins of Ardashir-Khwarrah, the capital of the first Sasanian king Ardashir / Wikimedia

In Fars province remained eight archaeological sites of the era of the Sassanid state, which existed in 3-5 century ad. This ruins of fortresses, palaces and city buildings.

During the reign of Sassanid dynasty there was a revival of Persian art. In this era of metal and the art of engraving has also reached a new level.

According to UNESCO, these objects captured the interaction of different traditions – Roman, Parthian and Persian.

According to the dossier of the Complex historical sights of the epoch of the sasanides, it demonstrates the political, historical and cultural achievements of the Sasanid Empire, which was considered one of the leading powers, along with the neighboring Byzantine Empire.

 

Archaeological site Kimlik Oginga, Kenya

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Wikimedia

The settlement was built around the 16th century and served as a refuge for local residents and livestock.

Thymic Oginga recognized as the largest and best-preserved building, one of those that was built by drywall.

UNESCO calls it a unique example of the lifestyle of the first pastoral communities around lake Victoria.

 

The chain of volcanoes of Auvergne, France

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Auvergne Tourism

The chain of peaks is very clear form in the form of a cone, dome or crater, with a length of 45 kilometers located along the axis North-South.

The most famous peaks of the Puy de Bet with a typical crater strombolicchio type and Puy-de-dôme, is considered a symbol of Auvergne.

Volcanoes have been inactive for the last eight thousand years, but volcanologists do not exclude that someday they can Wake up.

In addition to the volcanoes range in age from 8400 to 95 thousand years, in the classification of UNESCO included the so-called Liman fault, resulting from tectonic shifts 35 thousand years ago.

“This region is a very striking example of the split of the continental crust, or rifting, which is one of the five stages of plate tectonics”, – reads the statement of UNESCO.

 

The oldest temple Göbekli Tepe, Turkey

Turkish temple of Göbekli Tepe, which means “potbelly hill”, is one of the most ancient structures of its kind in the world. It is located in the province of Sanliurfa in Southeast Turkey.

Scientists believe that the ancient temple belongs to the Neolithic period. As noted by UNESCO, this complex was erected in the period between the 9600 and 8200 years BC.

Archaeologists have found a number of artifacts. Among the most valuable is to provide a T-shaped obelisk of the Neolithic age, weighing about 50 tons, and 65-inch figure of a man, whose age is estimated at 12 thousand years.

In the complex there are dozens of columns. They are decorated with carving in the form of icons and images of animals, among which are recognizable lions, bulls, gazelles, snakes and many others. Göbekli Tepe belongs to the megaliths.

According to some scientists, the construction of these monuments suggests the existence of a social hierarchy that, in theory, could not be disseminated to communities of hunters and gatherers of that period.

The discovery of this temple has given rise to experts have some doubts about established theories of human development.

 

The city of the industrial revolution Ivrea, Italy

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Flickr

Ivrea, a town of the industrial revolution of the twentieth century, gained recognition thanks to the company Olivetti, maker of typewriters, electric calculators, and later computers.

The most rapid stage of development’ivrea experienced in the middle of the last century. The city buildings were designed by some of the most famous Italian architects and planners of the period.

The industrial city of Ivrea is an important example of the theories of urban planning and architecture of the twentieth century in response to industrial and social transformation, including the transition from the mechanical to the digital industry.

 

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